VIU Scholarship, Research, and Creative Activity

Internal Award Recipients 2020

EXPLORE

Bob Esliger ($2000) - Supporting Students who Learn Differently During a Pandemic: Where Leadership Structures Meet Instructional Practice

PROJECT ABSTRACT: The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has amplified differences among learners and presented many unique challenges to the leadership of British Columbia's 60 K-12 public school districts. The urgency to respond to the pandemic has led to school closures, complex reopening procedures, and the necessity for new safety protocols, all of which have taken priority leaving little time to contemplate equitable and accessible instructional delivery for all students. School district leadership is complex and central to enabling the school principal to do their work (Leithwood, Handford, & Airini, 2018). The health issues brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic have necessarily derailed change efforts in school districts; however, it does provide the opportunity to gain a new perspective regarding school district leadership structures and frameworks that best provide for the needs of all learners. A survey of available literature indicates significant gaps regarding those leadership structures and frameworks that pertain specifically to instructional delivery to students who have special learning needs during a pandemic; however, there are many recommendations that focus on the need for equitable and accessible educational programs for all students (BC Ed., 2020; OECD, 2012). This research is a partnership between Vancouver Island University and the BC Council of Administrators of Inclusive Supports in Education (BCCAISE) to investigate what has worked, and what didn’t, in supporting all student’s access to equitable education in BC during this pandemic. Knowledge will be mobilized based on the recommendations for district-equity cohesion defined by Sheppard, Bown, and Dibbon (2009) in order to support district leadership practice proven to address the learning needs of all students. Never before has the connection between a pandemic crisis and the delivery of educational programs been so closely connected to the organization and leadership of a school district. Outcomes will impact leadership competencies of district leaders as well as the school district structures and frameworks.

GATHER

Terri Doughty ($3000) - Assembling Common Worlds: An Interdisciplinary Conference on the Environment and Young People's Literature and Culture

PROJECT ABSTRACT: Assembling Common Worlds: An Interdisciplinary Conference on the Environment and Young People’s Literature and Culture, 11-13 June 2021, at Vancouver Island University (VIU), not only explores traditional disciplinary ways of understanding eco-literacy and eco-activism in children’s and youth literature and culture, but also to bring together scholars and practitioners from a range of fields to find productive opportunities for cooperation and collaboration in tackling the challenges of generating intergenerational dialogue on current environmental concerns. Keynote speakers are Dr. Justyna Deszcz-Tryhubczak (University of Wroclaw, Poland), who has been conducting innovative participatory research with young people on literature, Dr. Affrica Taylor (University of Canberra, Australia), a leader in exploring the intersection of decolonization and environmental education for young children, and Dr. Amanda Wager (Vancouver Island University), a Tier 2 Canada Research Chair whose current project is establishing a Community Action Research Centre for the Arts created and run by, for and among youth. The international field of presenters from North America, Europe, Southeast Asia, South America, Africa, and Australia will address topics in young people’s culture such as more-than-human worlds, imagining the Post-Anthropocene, Indigenous knowledge and the environment, eco-literacy and eco-citizenship, and intergenerational projects addressing environmental issues. In addition to paper sessions, the conference will feature both a methodological workshop on participatory research with young people and the involvement of child and youth participants, including students from a local elementary school and young presenters from the VIU community. Assembling common worlds, a concept developed by Dr. Affrica Taylor, has been adapted here to mean breaking down boundaries between adults and young people, between disciplines, and between the human and more-than-human worlds. The conference is organized by Terri Doughty (English), Dr. Amanda Wager (Education), Dr. Janet Grafton (English), Nicole Klan (English), Sheila Grieve (Early Childhood Education), and Dr. Katharine Rollwagen (History).

INQUIRY

Andrew Loudon ($5000) - Bacterial Community Structure and Bacterial Acquisition of Western Painted Turtles in a Captive Rearing Program

PROJECT ABSTRACT: All animals live with bacteria, from the abundant gastrointestinal bacteria that make nutrients available, to the bacteria on body surfaces that come in contact with the environment. Host-associated bacterial communities tend to be specific to each animal species and when bacteria are acquired in development can have major long-term impacts on ‘educating’ the immune system. Furthermore, disturbed bacterial communities during development can result in disease and greater parasitism in adulthood. Wild animals that are reared in captivity are often in unnatural and bacterially depauperated conditions, which can affect which microbes are acquired and living with the host. This can affect the ‘education’ of the immune system and overall health of an animal, which can be problematic when captive animals are released into the wild and are exposed to pathogens. We propose to investigate the bacteria associated with endangered animals in captive rearing programs to better understand the relationship between bacteria and health of captive raised animals. Western painted turtles (WPT; Chrysemys picta bellii) are an endangered species in British Columbia and Vancouver Island that are raised in captivity for release to bolster wild populations. Nothing is known about their associated bacteria and how their associated bacteria are acquired. We propose to determine 1) the structure of microbial communities associated with WPT; 2) whether WPT have host-specific bacteria, and 3) whether bacteria differ at different life stages. This project will be the first to characterize the bacterial communities on WPT, which will facilitate future studies on factor that affect their bacteria. This research has the ability to lead to changes in animal husbandry to promote natural host bacteria and health.

Farhad Moghimehfar ($4644) - Chaos or Chance? Impacts of COVID-19 on Vancouver Island Tourism

PROJECT ABSTRACT: The purpose of the project is to explore the impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on Vancouver Island’s tourism industry by investigating tourism experts’ and managers’ experiences during this challenging time. Using the Delphi method, the proposed study uses both qualitative and quantitative data to forecast tourism industry’s resilience in uncertain situations, such as the pandemic, through stablishing a consensus from a panel of tourism experts and managers that run operations on Vancouver Island. Results will reveal the tourism industry’s response to this unprecedented time during the first year beyond the reduced of numbers visitors. Findings will be reported to Vancouver Island’s tourism authorities and will be presented to Tourism Vancouver Island. Results also will be presented in the form of peer-reviewed articles and conference presentations.

Joslynn Affleck ($2000) - Whole Transcriptome Sequencing by the MinION Mk1C after Naphthenic Acid Exposure in Drosophila Melanogaster

PROJECT ABSTRACT: Naphthenic acids (NAs) are a mixture of monocyclic and polycyclic carboxylic acids naturally found in oil sands bitumen. NAs accumulate as a byproduct of the oil extraction procedure and are stored in tailing ponds as part of the oil sands process-affected water (e.g. Alberta oil sands tailing ponds) at a range of ~20-100 ppm. Although the level of NAs found in tailing ponds is acutely toxic, their mechanism of action is not well understood and the effect of lower dose exposure on organisms is unclear. This is of great concern as tailing pond water will eventually be released back into the environment after remediation and an understanding of lower dose exposure as well as a threshold of organism tolerance must be investigated. We propose to use a model organism, the common fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, to study the effects of NAs, specifically at a low dose of exposure (0-20 ppm). Preliminary results were surprising as exposure to 10 ppm of NAs was observed to accelerate the development of Drosophila from the egg to pupal stage. In addition, the analysis of four stress response and two oxidative phosphorylation genes by quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR showed changes in gene expression. Thus, emphasizing the importance of understanding NA exposure at all concentrations. We propose to further investigate low range doses of NAs in Drosophila by analyzing the entire transcriptome of control and NA treated flies using the RNA-sequencing protocol on an exciting, cutting edge, benchtop sequencing platform, the MinION Mk1C. This will provide insight into the effects of low dose exposure to NAs and their mechanism of action.

Kathleen Reed ($2908) - Getting There: Transgender Youth and Transportation Access

PROJECT ABSTRACT: A joint VIU/SFU research team is undertaking a study on the effect of transit deserts on youth (especially those who identify as transgender), comparing various rural and suburban areas in the mid-Vancouver Island region to those in Surrey, BC. Based on the concept of food deserts, transit deserts are areas in which the level of transit service does not meet the needs of the population (Jiao & Dillivan, 2013). Trans youth are those who “defy societal expectations regarding gender” (Serano, 2016), including non-binary and Two-Spirit individuals. The project encompasses two specific areas of activity: 1). Zoom-based interviews with 40 trans youth across the two project sites, and 2). a broad-ranging knowledge review and synthesis that pulls together scholarly and grey literature published around the world on the subject of youth and transit. This application deals only with the first activity, which will be based at VIU and under the leadership of Co-PI Reed. For the first portion of the project, the research questions are: 1. What are the unique challenges trans youth face when attempting to move from place to place? 2. How do they respond to these challenges? 3. What are the consequences for trans youth of barriers to geographic mobility?

INNOVATE

Bob Esliger ($2445) - Supporting Students who Learn Differently During a Pandemic: Where Leadership Structures Meet Instructional Practice

SEE ABOVE ABSTRACT (EXPLORE)

Eliza Gardiner ($5000) - Engaging People with Hearing Loss in Theatre and Performing Arts

PROJECT ABSTRACT: For this project, VIU’s Theatre Department will engage people with hearing loss in theatre and performing arts through training, equipment upgrades and a course—aligning with VIU’s values of access to education and transformational experiences. ASL and anti-discriminatory training will be offered to Theatre faculty/staff and THEA 115 students. A hearing loop system will be purchased and installed in the theatre to transmit sounds directly to hearing aids for students, staff and audience members with hearing loss, eliminating problems of distance, background noise, and acoustics. VIU’s fall 2021 THEA 115:Participatory Theatre course will be open to VIU students and community members and will focus on accessible arts philosophies and practices, helping to break stigma and stereotypes. Via Accessibility Project Grant 2020 provided by Disability Alliance BC, sponsored tuition will be offered to 8 students with hearing loss. Special guests will include people with hearing loss: actors, directors, crew, writers, social activists in the arts. This innovative interdisciplinary course will be a student co-creation with multimedia projects including movement, signing, captions, images, interpreters, projections, video and livestreaming. Through this project, people with hearing loss can access a university theatre course and training they may not otherwise have been able/willing to attend. The project will build access for people with disabilities to access academic and arts activities, so stigma and misconceptions about people with disabilities will be reduced.

Shaun Sun ($5000) - Web-Based Statistical Software Application for Statistics Education and Statistical Analysis

PROJECT ABSTRACT: Last year, I was awarded an Innovate grant to develop a collection of smart phone/web applets to assist teaching Statistics and Mathematics courses at VIU. Introductory statistics students can now use these applets (1) to conduct simple statistical tests and (2) to analyze data and (3) to perform simulations for the purpose of demonstrating basic concepts in Statistics and Mathematics. With the disruption in education and the transition to online learning due to Covid-19, this suite of applets could be expanded to include more functionality such exploratory data analysis, statistical graphics and interactive data virtualization to support VIU students. Further, this suite of applets could be turned into web-based statistical software application which would, in turn, make students’ smart phones into lab computers, allowing students to perform statistical tasks that otherwise can only be done in computer labs. The application is built using the statistical computing language R and can provide a superior mobile experience for both VIU faculty and mathematical students.

Spencer Russell ($5000) - Development of a Molecular Test for Seawater Adaptability in White Sturgeon

PROJECT ABSTRACT: Anadromous fishes often undergo a period of physiological, morphological and behavioural changes to prepare for and acclimatize to differing salinities for long-term periods. In salmonids, these changes, as stream-dwelling parr become saline-tolerant smolts, are collectively referred to as smoltification and occur before the migration to marine environment. Smoltification is well defined in salmonids, through observations, and quantitative measures such as morphometrics, the McCormick assay and reverse-transcriptase quantitative-PCR (RT-qPCR). Recent advancements in quantifying smoltification have occurred by developing RT-qPCR assays based on changes in two isoforms (a1a = freshwater form and a1b = saltwater form) of the sodium-potassium pump (Na+/K+ ATPase, or NKA) and a Na+/K+/2Cl– cotransporter (NKCC). Greater gene expression for a1b is recorded as parr transition to ocean-ready smolts, in contrast, a1a is almost undetectable as salmon acclimatized to marine environments. The understanding of smoltification in salmonids using enzymatic and genetic tests have generated better aquaculture practices, where accurate measurements of salmon smolt fitness have resulted in lower mortality rates at oceanic netpen sites, increasing economic revenues for aquaculture companies. Despite both the McCormick assay and RT-qPCR contributing to profitable practices, transitions from the enzymatic McCormick assay to RT-qPCR tests have occurred because RT-qPCR is more accurate, direct and a descriptive measure of smoltification. However, this process in many other fishes is less understood and for many, including several Acipenseriformes (sturgeon and paddlefish), are poorly described and is in need of further investigation. Even salinity tolerance in Acipenseriformes, including Persian sturgeon (Acipenser persicus), green sturgeon (A. medirostris) and white sturgeon (A. transmontanus) has been primarily recorded through qualitative observations; few quantitative techniques have been applied. Importantly, similar molecular proteins associated with anadromy (i.e., NKA and NKCC) in salmonids have been identified in white and Persian sturgeon through genomic and enzymatic assays, suggesting that Atlantic salmon RT-qPCR assays may be efficacious in describing changes due to anadromy in white sturgeon. Exploration of the potential for a RT-qPCR assay for saltwater tolerance in white sturgeon would be of great value in understanding salinity preparation and the possibility of a smoltification process at the genetic level. If developed, a valid RT-qPCR assay describing salinity readiness in white sturgeon could expand the toolbox for conservation efforts for this endangered species allowing an understanding of wild fish migration patterns. Concurrently, the RT-qPCR assay could improve the welfare and economic revenue of white sturgeon in future aquaculture practices, as a quantitative indicator of saltwater tolerance may decrease mortalities when fish are shifted to saltwater. Currently sturgeon are not transferred to saltwater, but they may be in the future with a greater understanding of anadromy, as several other anadromous fishes including Atlantic salmon are brought out to sea for various reasons, including fish welfare, increased growth rates, and other production considerations.

BC MINISTRY OF HEALTH COVID-19 RESEARCH GRANT

Marla Morden ($6280) - School Experiences and Mental Health During COVID 19

PROJECT ABSTRACT: COVID-19 created an exceptional challenge for Canadian families considering their children's back to school this fall, as caregivers strove to calculate the risks and benefits associated with face to face (F2F) school and Distance Learning (DL). Caregivers had to weigh not only the potential health risk of COVID-19 to their children, themselves, and vulnerable family members, but also consider the social and academic impact of a second disrupted school year if the expected second wave shut down schools for an extended period of time. Further complicating these considerations is the caregivers’ work schedule and the hard-earned lessons from the spring school closures that demonstrated the stark challenge of home-schooling. Research has highlighted the risks associated with both DL (Thorell et al. 2020) and F2F learning should a second wave result in further lockdowns and routine disruption (Segre et al., 2020). Added to these considerations is the emerging knowledge that the school closures and social lockdowns have negatively impacted general well-being, and in particular the mental health, of school-aged children (Imran et al., 2020; Loades et al., 2020). The current research longitudinally tracks three groups of families in order to assess the behavioural and mental health impact of home-schooling, Distance Learning, and F2F school on elementary-school aged children. The mental health outcomes of children are predicted to be both a function of parental stress, and conditional on the impact of a second wave of COVID-19 on F2F school. If the second wave results in extended school closures, it is possible that families who chose DL will experience the best outcomes. However, if the second wave does not result in extended school closures, it is predicted that F2F schooling will result in more positive mental health outcomes and behaviour for school-aged children.

EXPLORE

Laura Gover-Basar ($2000) - Police Mothers: Toward and Inclusive Approach for Retaining and Promoting Police Women

PROJECT ABSTRACT: In Canada, fewer than 1 in 4 police officers and 1 in 7 commissioned, or high level, police officers are women (Statistics Canada, 2019). This underrepresentation of women across the ranks in Canadian police services signifies an opportunity that, if addressed, is likely to result in better outcomes for Canadian communities and the police that serve them (Parent & Parent, 2019). Unfortunately, retention and promotion of female police officers is a significant challenge for police service organizations (Russo, 2019). High demands faced in both the work and family domains are known to contribute to the turnover intentions of these police women (Yu, 2019). Further research that explores the challenges Canadian police women face is needed in order to develop evidence based succession planning strategies for retaining and promoting police women. This study aims to answer the research question: What actions can policy makers and police forces take to retain and promote women? A multiple case study approach will be used to explore the experiences of “police mothers” and “dual police couples” (i.e. police married to police). Interviews will be undertaken with a unique sample of individuals from dual police couples. Data analysis using grounded theory data analysis techniques will seek to (a) identify factors that influence the decision making processes for police women with respect to (i) the decision to stay working in police and (ii) the decision to seek a promotion; and, (b) explore how these findings are similar and different in comparison to these decision making processes for male police officers. This knowledge will help policy makers and police forces to design more effective succession planning strategies aimed at retaining and promoting women. Such strategies, when implemented, should have positive impacts on police women, their partners, families and police forces as well as the communities they serve.

Jasmine Janes ($1744) - Making Raspberry Pi to Observe Pollinators in the NoIR

PROJECT ABSTRACT: Insects can easily be overlooked because of their size and behaviour. Yet, these animals provide important services, such as pollination, that are important to document and understand in the context of conservation and food security. Attempts to observe and document insect pollination behaviours are becoming more reliant on technological advances. For example, recent studies have tested the applicability of handheld digital cameras, GoPros and commercialized professional recording systems. Each of these approaches has costs and benefits that must be carefully considered with respect to experimental design, insect size and activity, budget, skill level and time. One system, that is cost-effective and highly customizable, is Raspberry Pi. These systems are built by the operator from individual components and require a relatively low skill level with respect to programming and digital making. These units are being used successfully by a few research groups for various insect related projects. This project would employ a student to assemble, program and optimize several Raspberry Pi camera units specifically for observing nocturnal pollinator behaviour in natural field settings. This work will provide hands-on training for a student in the areas of digital making, programming, experimental design and pollination ecology. Further, this work will demonstrate the applicability of interdisciplinarity in research and produce camera units that can be used for future research, teaching and outreach activities.

Martin Anglestad ($2000) - Exploring the Incorporation of Virtual Dissections and Digital Media in First Year Biology Lab Sessions

PROJECT ABSTRACT: This project aims to supply, improve or digitalize content used during first year Biology through expanding the number of available learning platforms we provide (i.e. virtual dissection apps and generating digital anatomically correct artwork, lifecycles, photos and demonstration videos). Funds provided by this grant will be used to purchase an iPad and relevant accessories/apps to carry out a pilot project where virtual dissections (i.e. frog or rat) can be trialed alongside actual dissections during first year Biology labs. As VIU is a member of the Canadian Council of Animal Care (CCAC) this project serves as a pilot to determine whether using digital media can be a viable means of reducing the amount of student dissections performed (reducing the numbers of animals euthanized) and at the very least exploring whether virtual dissections and digital media can supplement the overall student learning experience.

GATHER

Jeff Lewis ($3000) - Awareness of Climate change through Education and Research (ACER) 2020 Climate Change Symposium

PROJECT ABSTRACT: This project contributes to the public outreach initiative known as the Awareness of Climate change through Education and Research (ACER) and furthers the objective of engaging VIU students in public dissemination, empowering them to become agents for scientific knowledge mobilization, social change and political action. Specifically, this grant will support capacity building to reach out to an inter-disciplinary group of faculty, students and members of the general public through a Climate Change Symposium held in the spring of 2020, on the Nanaimo campus of Vancouver Island University.

INQUIRY

Cheryl Warsh ($5725) - Atomic Childhoods: The Cold War and Children's Popular Culture

PROJECT ABSTRACT: Atomic Childhoods: The Cold War and Children’s Popular Culture focuses upon the packaging and domestication of the nuclear age for children. The long 1950s (1947-1963) baby boom coincided with atomic bomb proliferation. The resulting generalized anxieties led populations in North America to turn inward, to focus upon their own lives. In a sustained period of prosperity, access to consumer goods demonstrated the material superiority of the Western way of life. Both the optimism and concern for the future were reflected in the media directed towards the burgeoning market of children’s goods and services. Movies, comic books and television directly sold toys and games, and indirectly sold ideologies and values, such as pro-Western militarism and static gender roles. Comics came under the microscope of moral arbiters such as religious leaders and social scientists who feared potential violent or subversive messages in these magazines, resulting in certain titles being banned and the establishment of a self-regulatory board by the major comic book publishers. Other groups working with children, however, saw the potential for popular characters such as Superman to promote Western democratic values and patriotism among the young. This research project has two facets. We will be examining the comic books controversy within the context of the Cold War, and focus upon the most popular and enduring character, The Man of Steel, whose publisher, D.C. Comics, worked closely with a New York Social Services umbrella organization to ensure that the content of Superman comics promoted acceptable values. We also are compiling and editing a collection of essays on children’s popular culture during the Cold War for Cambridge Scholars Press. With the assistance of the press, we will be issuing an international Call for Submissions so that we may include new scholarship from Eastern European as well as Western contributors.

Mercedes Hernandez ($4818) - Prevalence of Antibiotic Resistance Genes in the Nanaimo Area

PROJECT ABSTRACT: Antibiotic resistance among bacteria has become a significant challenge in modern medicine as it had made the treatment of infections very difficult. The number of bacterial strains that are resistant to a large number of antibiotics keeps increasing. This problem is considered to be a consequence of the prevalent and often unnecessary use of antibiotics in modern society. Many scientists support the hypothesis that suggests that removing the selection pressure, i.e. extensive use of antibiotics, would led to a reduction in the number of bacteria that are antibiotic resistant. However, before this can be tested there is a need to determine how widespread the genes responsible for antibiotic resistance are in the environment as this can be used to monitor the effectiveness of programs aimed to reduce the indiscriminate use of antibiotics. The objectives of this proposal is to estimate the frequency of a number of antibiotic resistance genes in the Nanaimo area. This research will test recreational water samples from the Nanaimo region as well as used kitchen sponges and toothbrushes donated by members of the VIU community at large in the hope to establish an initial baseline that will allow us to estimate how widespread these genes are in our region at this point on time.

Jamie Gorrell ($5000) - Genetic Diversity of Jalisco Crocodiles

PROJECT ABSTRACT: Global biodiversity is declining at an alarming rate and populations of vertebrate animals have decreased by 60% in the last four decades as a result of natural and human-mediated environmental changes. These population declines typically lead to a loss of genetic diversity (i.e. bottleneck), which reduces evolutionary potential for adaptation. Habitat destruction and overharvesting from the 1920s to 1970s nearly drove the American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) to extinction. Despite persistent illegal hunting for leather products and a generation time of 25 years, the American crocodile is currently listed as “vulnerable” by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. The objective of this proposal is to estimate the genetic diversity of the American crocodile along the Pacific Coast of Jalisco, Mexico. This research will initiate what we hope will become a larger research project investigating evidence of gene flow, migration and genetic relatedness of crocodiles along the entire length of the Pacific Coast of Mexico.

Gerri McEwan ($5000) - Ocean Plate Stratigraphy in Southern Quesnellia: an indicator of subduction polarity and basin extent in the Paleozoic.

PROJECT ABSTRACT: The term ‘ocean plate stratigraphy’ (OPS) refers to a general sequence of sediments accumulated within a growing accretionary wedge. Accretionary wedges form from a combination of offscraping and underplating of oceanic lithosphere and its overlying sediments onto the overriding plate at the trench of a subduction zone. The dip of imbricate tectonic slices mimics the dip of the subducting plate and steepens arcward as subsequent slices are added at the toe of the wedge. Progressively younger and more pelagic sediments are accreted with a typical sequence, from oldest to youngest, being pillow basalt, limestone, radiolarian chert, siliceous shale, shale, and sandstone. Within the OPS: pillow basalt and limestone are the remnants of subducted seamounts; sandstones are trench-fill turbidites; and, cherts and shales are accumulated between the trench and the spreading ridge. Recognition and analysis of the structural, stratigraphic, and geochemical signatures of these sequences allows interpretations to be made as to the nature and extent of extinct ocean basins. Within the Canadian Cordillera, encapsulated within southernmost extent of the terrane known as Quensellia, is a group of lithologic units collectively referred to as the Okanagan subterrane (OS). The OS, represents the remnants of an ocean basin which closed in the latest Paleozoic. The extent of the ocean basin and the polarity of the subducting plate closing it can be surmised by comparing structural and stratigraphic trends and geochemical signatures with the OPS model of Wakita and Metcalfe (2005). The results of this study may have implications for interpretations of the tectonic history of Quesnellia, a subject of various disparate models as to its origin and evolution.

Jasmine Janes ($4974) - Shining a Light on the Night Life of Plantanthera

PROJECT ABSTRACT: Observations of pollination are vital to identifying the particular species involved and for distinguishing among floral visitors and true pollinators. However, such observations can be challenging. Many pollinators are small and cryptic thus, they can be difficult to identify and observe. Many insect species will visit flowers and engage in pollination-like behaviours yet not perform true pollination. Further, the presence of an observer may deter pollinators. Camera observations are useful in these situations. The advent of smaller, more customizable cameras with the ability to detect small insects has facilitated more systematic research in pollination ecology. This project will use Raspberry Pi camera units with infrared capabilities to observe nocturnal insects associated with bog orchids (Platanthera). Previous work from my group has identified a broad day-time floral visitor community associated with these orchids, but we were unable to observe true insect-mediated pollination. These data suggest that these orchids may rely more heavily on nocturnal moths for pollination. This project will contribute to our growing body of knowledge on Vancouver Island insect diversity, potential pollinators of Platanthera and the extent to which the species rely on night or day insect activity. The project will also provide training for undergraduate students, links between research and teaching in Plant Ecology and Bioinformatics and Genomics units, and facilitate further collections and teaching resources for the VIU Natural History Museum.

Laura Gover-Basar ($5000) - Police Mothers: Toward an Inclusive Approach for Retaining and Promoting Police Women

SEE ABOVE (EXPLORE) FOR PROJECT ABSTRACT

PUBLISH

Warren Heiti ($2000) - Attending: An Essay in Ethical Psychology

Georgina Martin ($1000) - Drumming My Way Home: Intergenerational Secwepemc Identities

Ravindra Mohabeer ($425) - COVID Bread-Porn: Social Stratification Through Displays of Self-Management

SHARE

Heather Sanrud ($767) - Child & Youth Care National Conference Presentation

Ravindra Mohabeer ($1875) - Don’t Look me in the Eye; It shows Disrespect: Auto-Invisibility and Bifurcation as Coping Strategies in the Communication Classroom

Janet McKeown ($1530) - Carrying the Mental Load: Unpacking the Gendered Nature of Mental Labor in Families Through Leisure

Allyson Fleming ($1163) - Is an Ethos of Criticality Possible in Post Secondary Educational Administration?

Tim Stokes ($1200) - Travel Funding Assistance for Attending the 16th Sinkhole Conference in San Juan, Puerto Rico from April 20-24, 2020 (Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes and the Engineering and Environmental Impacts of Karst)

Albert Seinen ($428) - Freedom Through Forgiveness

Brian Dick ($1200) -  International Field School for First-Year Engineering Students

Sarah Crover ($1200) - Shakespeare Association of America Conference

Fiona Meyers Cook ($1200) - Resurgence! Making Space for Indigenous Ways of Knowing, Being and Doing

Lindsay McCunn ($1200) - Evaluating a Pop-up Resource Village: Making Connections with Sense of Place and Perceptions of Safety

Paula Waatainen ($563) - Tipping Point: Designing an Urban Planning Game to Teach Democratic Deliberation Skills in Elementary Schools

Suzanne de la Barre ($1200) - Arctic Tourism in Times of Change: Urban and Overtourism

Heather Pastro ($1200) - The Path to Truth and Reconciliation Through Visual Imagery and Children's Literature

Michael Govorov ($1000) - Trivariate Kernel Density Estimation of Spatiotemporal Crime Events

Sandra Johnstone ($1200) - Engaging Multiple Ways of Knowing to Educate for Geo-Scientific Ethics

Cynthea Masson ($1200) - Alchemy and The Alchemists' Council - Presentation at the University of Saskatchewan 20/20 Vision Conference on Speculative Literature in Canada